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"Analytical Pyrolysis" ed. by Peter Kusch
ITExLi | 2019 | ISBN: 1789849594 9781789849592 1789849586 9781789849585 | 86 pages | PDF | 11 MB
This book is the outcome of contributions by experts in the field of pyrolysis and includes applications of the analytical pyrolysis-GC/MS to characterize the structure of synthetic organic polymers and lignocellulosic materials as well as cellulosic pulps and isolated lignins, solid wood, waste particle board, and bio-oil.
Analytical pyrolysis deals with the structural identification and quantitation of pyrolysis products with the ultimate aim of establishing the identity of the original material and the mechanisms of its thermal decomposition. The pyrolytic process is carried out in a pyrolyzer interfaced with analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatography (GC), mass spectrometry (MS), gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC/MS), or with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (GC/FTIR). By measurement and identification of pyrolysis products, the molecular composition of the original sample can often be reconstructed.
The thermal degradation of cellulose and biomass is examined by scanning electron micrography, FTIR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry (TG), differential thermal analysis, and TG/MS. The calorimetric determination of high heating values of different raw biomass, plastic waste, and biomass/plastic waste mixtures and their by-products resulting from pyrolysis is described.
1 Introductory Chapter: Analytical Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography / Mass Spectrometry of Polymeric Materials
2 Chemical Characterization of Lignocellulosic Materials by Analytical Pyrolysis
3 Release Profile of Nitrogen during Thermal Treatment of Waste Wooden Packaging Materials
4 Hydrocarbonization. Does It Worth to Be Called a Pretreatment?
5 Estimation of Energy Potential for Solid Pyrolysis By-Products Using Analytical Methods
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